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Chapter 1: Introduction Luận Văn Thạc Sĩ Tiếng Anh An Enquiry into the Career
The job prospects in the contemporary market are required a good knowledge of the management field in order to properly organising, controlling and coordinating of the efforts that are put in order to attain set goals. Management studies play an important role in the career building of the students to avail job opportunities prevailing in the market. There are different categories in which the management courses are undertaken by students such as Finance, International Business, HRM (Human Resource Management) as well as Marketing. The selection of the management stream or subject for the career building or professional growth is the major challenge faced by the students. The management stream or subject selection is influenced by the student, job and market related factors; for instance student’s interest, job options and growth, job availability and security in integration of economic conditions.
There is a requirement of different and valuable skill in order to obtain the managerial position within a business organisation (Marques, Dhiman and Holt, 2012). Managerial skills development is directly linked to the management studies in different fields, and thus, selection of the specialised field of the management is the importantly required. Therefore, various management schools are providing multiple specialisation courses in the management field for the students to attain managerial positions in their specific area of interest.
The decision in regard to the selection of the field of specialisation is essential for students who are willing to pursue MBA (Masters in Business Administration) because it strongly influences the students’ professional growth as well as progress in their career. However, there are diversified factors that pose an effect on the decisions of students regarding their choice of specialisation (Marques, Dhiman and Holt, 2012). In this context, the undertaken study is emphasised on the detailed investigation into specialisation as well as career choices of Dublin Business School’s MBA final semester students. This study is worth investigating to reveal importance of the specialisation selection for the students along with challenges in the way of specialisation selection.
The specialisation choice of students in higher education has been a popular subject of debate among the scholars as it leads to the future career development of students and also, the marketers to have right people at the right position in organisations. The key point of argument for specialisation and career choices selection by students is in context to the student interest and academic performance to access job opportunities. The economic volatility is also significantly considered as a determinant for specialisation and career choices selection. Specialisation and career choices in the present time is not just for completing graduation and masters, while it is importantly for the knowledge development in context of the personal and professional growth. Career and specialisation choices of the students ensure availability of the skilled people as per the market demand so that businesses can maintain competitive advantage through accessing of skilled labour.
One such study conducted by Abdullah and Saeid (2016), investigated that students during the higher education such as MBA course, get easily influenced by others such as family, friends and faculties to select their specialisation area as they acquire knowledge of benefits concerned with that specific field that they are suggested to get opted, from their surroundings (Abdullah and Saeid, 2016). Another study by Ahmed, Sharif and Ahmad (2017), examined that mostly the students used to select the specialisation area in MBA by considering the career options and opportunities associated with it through assessing their own knowledge in that area (Ahmed, Sharif and Ahmad, 2017). It has been indicated that selection of specialisation is all depended on the student interests and career goals. The investment and return are the key criterion used by the students for the selection of the management specialisation in MBA.
The student’s desire to stimulate knowledge level in a particular speciality is the reason for the career and specialisation choices. The speciality enhances job prospects for a student that leads to personal satisfaction in terms of good salary, position and promotion. Besides this, “academic ability and achievement” of a student in the academics that is an individual characteristic of a student is also affected career and specialisation choices (Kallio, 2005, p. 111). The specialisation in the field that does not matches with the academic ability would not lead to success due to the problem in gaining knowledge from the subject in respect of both theoretical and practical. The distinct need of the students’ at the different life stages has directly been influencing the career goals and ultimately effects upon the decision for specialisation for meeting educational needs (Kallio, 2005). The studies indicated that career and specialisation choices of the students are not influenced by the individual factors or characteristics, while external factors also predominantly affected their career choice. However, the previously conducted studies lack detailed comparative analysis of the factors to find out which of them are most influencing for students in their selection of specialisation field.
Further, one of existing literature asserts that Dublin is considerably a good location to pursue higher education courses such as MBA for students due to being a technologically advanced and developed city within Ireland (Holden, 2015). At the Dublin Business School, business and management courses for the students directly to the skills development along with valuable learnings of modern work practices and phenomenon, so as to effectively manage project activities and objectives. The development of business management expertise and associated skills/abilities is the ultimate aim of the MBA program at Dublin Business School. Under the MBA at Dublin Business School, choices for the students involve information systems, marketing, finance, human resource management (HRM) and cloud computing. The stream choices and study plan for the MBA students of Dublin Business School contribute to “personal, academic and professional development. The studies at Dublin Business School are not limited to the theoretical or subjective knowledge, but it also involves knowledge and understanding of the global business environment to keep familiarise with the market issues in order to match skills development with the job requirements (Dublin Business School, 2018).
However, none of the studies identified the influencing factors regarding the selection of specialisation sources for students who carry out their MBA course in Dublin considering the job and career opportunities in the local and international business environment after passing out from business schools of Dublin. In this respect, the present study puts specific focus on undertaking the critical and comparative examination of ways and factors influencing career choices of final year students belong to Dublin Business School. Overall, the enquiry of the career and specialisation choices of MBA students in particular of Dublin Business School in this research meets the research gap of comparative knowledge of the factors. The differences in the selection of specialisation and career choices by MBA students is the research work having practical and real world significance. The research results are not in favour of students’ development, but it also in favour in economic or companies’ growth in terms of the availability of the skilled people.
1.2.1 Problem or Definition of the Problem
There is an increased range of competitive powers with the inflated range of higher education institutions in Dublin (Conway, 2009). Therefore, marketers are required to be highly attentive and aware regarding the fundamental factors perceived by final year students of Dublin Higher Education Institutions while selecting specialisation area for higher education especially MBA. Various attributes or constructs are obtained as the key factors which influence the specialisation course’ selection in MBA courses; however, multiple new determinants or variants (factors) are on the way because of changing or dynamic market nature, which requires being found out. Thus, these aspects generated the requirement of present research work that undertakes the examination of the choices of Dublin Business School’s students in regard to their specialisation field in MBA course.
The wrong career and specialisation selection choices of MBA students would not obstruct their professional success, but it would raise the issue of limited availability of the knowledgeable workforce in the market. This research study in particular of the negative impacts of the wrong specialisation and career choice selection is intended to determine factor influencing the MBA students’ decision of specialisation choices in Dublin Business School. The findings of this research project in pertaining to the factors associated with the specialisation and career choices would have substantial importance for the universities to organise supportive orientation and career counselling programs. Overall, the research problem that is being searched in this project is valuable to present relationship between specialisation choices and professional growth of the students, and its relative importance for the economic development.
1.3 Intend to Achieve
1.3.1 Research Question
The questions for the present research are given as follows:
RQ1. What are the key factors that influence the specialisation choices of the MBA students of the final year of Dublin Business School?
This research question is provided good knowledge of the factors associated directly with the specialisation choices decision of the final year MBA students of Dublin Business School. These are acted as determinants for the specialisation choices decision of MBA students’ and thus, critical assessment of such determinants leads to conclude relative significance and effect on the personal and professional development.
RQ2. How MBA final semester students at Dublin Business School pursue specialisation and career choices?
This question is provided information about the logical process that useful for the specialisation and career choices in pursing MBA. The effectiveness of process is presented while addressing this research question.
1.3.2 Research Aim and Objectives
The undertaken research is specifically aimed at undertaking the detailed examination of the way in which the MBA students of the final semester, as Dublin Business School select the field of specialisation as well as the career choice. In addition, the research also attempts to analyse the factors that influence choices of specialisation of final semester students of MBA at Dublin Business School. Considering research aim, the following objectives are set for the research.
- To understand the concept and importance of MBA in higher education for students’ career and future jobs
- To analyse the way of career choices of final semester students of MBA at Dublin Business School
- To critically examine the factors influencing the choices of specialisation of final semester MBA students’ at Dublin Business School
- To propose strategic solutions for MBA students to reduce the probability of making the wrong choices of MBA specialisation courses
1.4 Dissertation Roadmap
Chapter 1: Introduction: The initial phase involves brief introduction, background, the definition of the problem, key questions, objectives, aim, research structure and rationale or scope of the research work.
Chapter 2: Literature Review: This particular chapter will critically examine and review the existing literature to obtain already identified theoretical knowledge in the context of the research objectives. The focus of this chapter is to gain in-depth background knowledge of career and specialisation choices made by the factors, and factors associated with such choices decision in specific of the MBA students.
Chapter 3: Research Methodology and Methods: This chapter encompasses the description of all the crucial and relevant methods utilised in the research for collecting data, giving proper structure and design to the study, as well as, a method for analysing the data. The discussion relevant to the selection of the suitable methodological aspect and data collection strategy will present in this chapter with clearly depicting strengths and weaknesses.
Chapter 4: Data Analysis/Findings: The chapter comprises the analysis, synthesis and evaluation of pivotal research findings to generate desired results to address problem undertaken in the research. Descriptive findings of the data collected through primary and secondary research will be reflected and interpreted in this chapter of the research study that focuses directly on addressing research aim/objectives and questions.
Chapter 5: Discussion- This chapter has presented an interpretation of results while answering to the research objectives and questions. Discussion chapter in the context of the defined research question and review of literature studies will present contribution of the study in the research subject. The research limitations will also discuss in this chapter along with own work critical evaluation.
Chapter 6: Conclusion and Recommendations: The final chapter involves the conclusion of the overall interpretation of the findings that considering all the research objectives in order to fulfil properly. Further recommendations are given in the direction or way to improve the identified issues in relation to the concerned subject area, and future implications.
Table of Contents Luận Văn Thạc Sĩ Tiếng Anh An Enquiry into the Career and Specialisation Choices of Final Semester
- Chapter 1: Introduction
- Problem or Definition of the Problem
- Intend to Achieve
- Research Question
- Research Aim and Objectives
- Dissertation Roadmap
- Scope and Limitations
- Contribution or Rationale of the Study
- Chapter 2: Literature Review
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Determining Concept and Importance of MBA in Higher Education for Students
- 2 Factors influencing Specialisation Choices of Final Semester MBA Students
- 4 Career opportunities associated with different MBA Specialisation choices
- 4 Factors considered by the Students while selecting MBA in Higher Education degree
- 5 Conceptual Framework
- 6 Summary
- Chapter 3: Research Methodology
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Research Philosophy
- 3 Research Design
- 4 Research Approach
- 5 Research Strategy
- 6 Data Collection Method
- 7 Sampling and Proces
- 8 Data Analysis
- 9 Ethical Consideration
- 10 Research Limitation
- 11 Summary
- Chapter 4: Data Analysis and Findings
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Thematic Analysis
- 3 Summary
- Chapter 5: Discussion
- Chapter 6: Conclusion and Recommendations
- 1 Conclusion
- 2 Recommendations
- 2.1 Recommendations for the Universities /Schools
- 2.2 Recommendations for the Future Work
- Reflection on Learning
- Appendix: Interview Questionnaire
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