Luận Văn Thạc Sĩ Tiếng Anh Energy Potential and Feasibility in South East Asia

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====>>> Luận văn thạc sĩ ngành Ngôn Ngữ Anh

1 Introduction Luận Văn Thạc Sĩ Tiếng Anh Energy Potential and Feasibility in South East Asia

1.1 Aim of this study

Rising oil prices have received much public attention in recent months. The impact of higher prices affects disproportionately developing countries in Southeast Asia constrained by their reliance on oil imports and limited budgets. On the other hand, Southeast Asian countries have abundance of two renewable energy (RE) sources – sun and biomass. Sunlight used in PV solar systems is an efficient source of electricity. Biomass from agricultural crops and live stock manure can be converted into biogas, electricity and fertilizer.
The aim of this thesis is to carry out a Potential Analysis and feasibility Evaluation of the fur-ther Introduction of Solar and Biomass Energy in South East Asia. This is serving the pur-pose of assisting the affected nations in South East Asia to tap into their abundantly avail-able potential. Only if the right technologies are chosen and the right strategies pursued, the nations in South East Asia are able to direct their economic growth and the pairing energy hunger into a sustainable direction by drawing on the advantages of renewable energies.
Advantages of Renewable Energy Sources:

  • Decentralization of energy production
  • Value-adding of domestic agricultural products o Capital savings on oil imports
  • Employment creation
  • Greater independence from the world oil market
  • Acknowledgements to the partners of the study:

The thesis is based on the European Commission funded Asia Pro Eco Project “Diagnostic Study on Renewable Energy Potential and Feasibility in Southeast Asia”. It is coordinated by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Sonnenergie e.V. (DGS) under a project partnership with Wageningen University in The Netherlands, the Thai Renewable Energy and Environmental Centre (REEC), the Lao Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development Association (RESDALAO), the Lao Community Development and Environment Association (CDEA) and the National University of Laos (NUOL). The author wishes to thank the partners in involved to the generous assistance in the gathering of data an input for the study

1.2 Approach of the study

Since the study is supposed to give general and credibly founded comments on the imple-mentation of renewable energy generation technology in South East Asia it is important that the scope of the analysis is chosen right. The Study will focus un two countries in South East Asia which both typically represent the different development levels present in the region.

  • Lao PDR one of the least developed countries on this globe
  • Thailand a growing economy in South East Asia Both nations were chosen due to their respective statuses and because they have put in place policy goals which are promoting the use of renewable energies in economic growth and rural development:
  • Thailand is to achieve the 2011 aim to in-crease the quota of RE to 8% and
  • Laos is to achieve the 20020 aim to electrify 90 % of the country’s households and hence asked the European commission to support the data gathering with a thorough analysis of the matter. The studied areas are the utilization of bioenergy with the whole bio-mass chain and the implementation of solar energy projects.

The Biomass Chain

Analysis of the biomass chain in the study will focus on the availability, suitability and pro-duction possibility of the input materials. In addition to technical data collection on wasted biomass research will be carried out on the wider social and economic potential of biomass cultivation for energy production. Appropriate technologies for biomass treatment will be identified in both Laos and Thailand and an evaluation completed on the transfer possibility of European technologies.
The PV Chain

The study analysis of the PV solar chain will carried out by a compilation of the solar irradi-ance to provide accurate calculation of the annual output. Furthermore a thorough analysis of the existing technologies and the experienced performance during applications within the respective country and environment. Data collection from two urban areas in both Laos and Thailand will enable the formulation of appropriate technical interventions improve the cost efficiency and environmental benefits of the technology.

1.3 Content of the study

In order to analyse the concrete potential and demand of biomass and PV solar energy in South East Asia a thorough analysis of the existing status quo must be performed in the fol-lowing fields:

  • 1. General information on the participating nations concerned
  • 2. General situation of the national energy sectors
  • 3. Legal situation of the relevant laws affecting the sectors
  • 4. Statistics and cost structure of the national energy sectors
  • 5. Financing and funding of energy related projects

Furthermore the study needs to gather and evaluate the technical possibilities of the renew-able energies in view of the study. This means for solar energy and bioenergy the following information needs to be gathered in the concerned countries.

  • 1. Solar irradiation data and biomass availability
  • 2. Technology available and experience with photovoltaics and bioenergy utilization

It these tasks are thoroughly performed the basis for the formulation of an energy concept in two selected pilot cities is to be formulated. The study will be rounded off with the recom-mendation for a national implementation of renewable energies.
The study will end in a concrete evaluation of the possibilities and economic chances that lie within the implementation of renewable energy projects in the region. The goal of the action is the generation of guidelines for the implementation of such renewable energy projects in South East Asia. The guidelines are supposed to be of a general nature and will cover the necessary technical and economical areas to enable policy makers and investors to judge the success of applications in their respective fields.

Introduction Energy Potential and Feasibility in South East Asia

  • Aim of this study
  • Approach of the study
  • Content of the study
  • Present Situation in South East Asia
  • General Country Information Lao PDR
  • The Country
  • Geography
  • Climate
  • The Laotian Economy
  • The Laotian Rural Society
  • Relevant Organisations
  • Power Policy and Legislation
  • Energy Status in Lao PDR
  • Total Energy Consumption
  • Cost Structure of Gasoline and Diesel
  • Typical Householde Expenditure for Cooking
  • Electricity Generation
  • Electricity Generation by Sources
  • Electricity Generation, Consumption, Import and Export
  • Electrical Energy Consumption by Consumer Categories and Provinces
  • Electrical Energy Demand Forcast 2004-13
  • Rural Electrification
  • Current Rural Electrification Systems
  • Targets and Costs for Rural Electrification
  • Off-Grid Rural Electrification Procedure
  • Safety and Operational Awareness
  • Barriers experienced of the Mini and Macro Hydro and Diesels Projects
  • Summary
  • Electricity Tariffs and Price Structure
  • Electricity Tariffs on-grid
  • Electricity Tarifs off-grid (PV, Hydro, Gen-set and car batteries systems)
  • Export and Import Tariffs
  • Transmission Line and Substation Facilities
  • Transmission Lines
  • Feed-in Conditions
  • Financing and funding possibilities for RE projects
  • Off-grid promotion fund
  • Poverty Reduction Fund
  • SNV Biogas Programme
  • Credit Facilities
  • Power Sector Investment
  • Power Sector Investment Plan
  • Off-grid Investment according the PDP 2004-13
  • Summary
  • Present Situation in Thailand
  • General Country information
  • Relevant institutes and Contacts for Energy Matters
  • Legislation in the Energy Sector
  • Laws and Regulation
  • Small Power Producer Programmes
  • Small Power Producer Programme
  • Very Small Power Producer Programme
  • Renewable Portfolio Standard
  • Incentives for Renewable Energies
  • Fiscal Incentives
  • Clean-Development-Mechanism
  • COGEN/EC-ASEAN Cooperation
  • Biomass-One-Stop-Clearing-House (BOSCH)
  • Licenses, Concessions and Project Approval Cycle
  • 3.4.1 Power Purchase Scheme 7
  • 3.4.2 General Administration and Approval Procedures in the Energy Sector
  • 3.4.3 Process for Grid Connection to EGAT (IPP and SPP)
  • 3.4.4 Process for Grid Access to PEA and MEA (VSPP)
  • 3.4.5 Direct Sale to Industry, Construction, Operation and Permits
  • Action Plan for the Development of Renewable Power in Thailand
  • Land Accessibility
  • Energy Status in the Kingdom of Thailand
  • Electricity Generation and Consumption
  • Energy Consumption by Consumer Types
  • Energy Consumption Outlook
  • Rural Energy Demands
  • Residential uses
  • Productive uses
  • Electricity Tariffs
  • Electricity Tariffs on-grid
  • Electricity Tariffs off-grid
  • Feed-in Conditions
  • Present Situation
  • Feed-in conditions targeted with the Action Plan for the Development of
  • Renewable Power in Thailand
  • General
  • Renewable Energy for Power Generation
  • Financing and Funding Possibilities for RE projects
  • Solar Energy specific Data in Lao PDR
  • PV Solar Application in Laos
  • TRI’s solar PV demonstration projects (1997-2001)
  • MIH-JICA solar PV pilot projects (1998-2001)
  • MIH/World Bank Rent-to-buy projects (1999-2004)
  • Sunlabob-InWent’s pilot projects on Renting PV systems (since 2003
  • Sunlabob Solar PV systems (2002-present)
  • Summary of available PV Solar Technologies
  • MIH-WB vs Sunlabob
  • Meteorological Solar Irradiation Data
  • Educational Demand for Operators and Applicants of the Technology
  • Overall PV Solar Condition in Lao PDR
  • Policy review
  • PV Solar
  • Biomass
  • Comparison of private sector extension models
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • Solar Energy Specific Data in Thailand
  • Research and Development, Pilot Projects and Studies
  • PV Applications in Thailand
  • Solar Home Systems
  • EGAT Projects
  • Tesco Lotus System
  • Military applications
  • Others
  • Meteorological solar irradiation data
  • Available Technologies
  • Thai grid connected system description
  • Thai solar home system description
  • Educational Demand for Operators and Applicants of the Technology
  • SWOT Analysis
  • PV Solar Systems
  • PV Based energy Generation Possibilites
  • SWOT Analysis
  • SWOT Matrix
  • PV Solar
  • Biomass
  • Biomass to Energy
  • Biogas Application in Laos
  • Legislation
  • Strategies for the implementation of Solar and Biomass Energy
  • Suitable Technologies PV Biomass
  • Energy Plants – Cultivation and Harvesting
  • Calculation of Profitability
  • PV Solar Calculation of Profitability for South East Asia
  • Affordability Price for SHS and BCS
  • Location Requirements
  • Special location requirements for PV Solar Systems
  • Urban Energy Supply
  • PV Concepts for Urban Areas
  • Biomass Concepts for Urban Areas
  • Energy Supply in Lao off-grid Areas
  • PV off-grid Concepts
  • Comparisom of the Main applies Systems MIH-WB and Sunlabob
  • Future of photovoltaic electricity in Laos
  • Biomass Off-grid Concepts
  • Development of Suitable Financing Procedures
  • Recommendations for the Improvement of rural electrification programmes
  • Proposed new delivery scheme: Rent-to-buy by ESCO
  • Micro-financing
  • Necessary Policy Adjustments
  • General Conclusions
  • Conclusions for Solar Energy projects
  • 2 Recommendation for renewable energy supply concepts in South
  • East Asia – General recommendations
  • 9 General Summary
  • References

Trên đây là nội dung bài Luận Văn Thạc Sĩ Tiếng Anh Energy Potential and Feasibility in South East Asia, mà Luận văn Panda chia sẻ đến các bạn học viên ngành ngôn ngữ anh. Nếu như bạn học viên nào vẫn còn gặp khó khăn trong việc làm bài, và muốn tham khảo bảng giá làm thuê luận văn thạc sĩ thì tham khảo tại đây để biết thêm chi tiết nhé.

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